A carbon-carbon bond, first isolated in 2004, consisting of one-atom-thick sheets (about 0.142mm), of carbon atoms in a hexagonal, “chicken-wire” arrangement. The molecular structure is like that of graphite without the three-dimensional stacking of layers – hence the similarity in name.
Graphene has an extremely high electrical conductivity, allowing electrons to fly though it almost like photons (particles of light) through a vacuum. Among other uses, graphene may form the basis of a new generation of smaller, faster, cheaper, and more durable computer chips.
The Nobel Prize in Physics for 2010 was awarded to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov “for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene”. Research experts at University of Manchester